How to cite: Barata, R. (2023). The Efficacy and Misconceptions of the "Time-out". Human-Animal Science. The "Time-out" procedure, a behavioral intervention rooted in the principles of operant conditioning, is frequently misconstrued and unjustly criticized within the realm of dog training. This technique involves temporarily denying an individual access to positive reinforcers following the exhibition of undesirable behaviors. The primary objective of the time-out procedure is to decrease the frequency of these behaviors over time (Cooper et al., 1987).